Bedford-Stuyvesant is bordered by Bushwick to the north (bordering Williamsburg); Classon Avenue to the west (bordering Clinton Hill); Broadway and Van Sinderen Avenue to the east (bordering Bushwick and East New York); Park Place and Ralph Avenue to the south and west (bordering CrownHeights) and as far as East New York Avenue (bordering Brownsville).
The main north-south thoroughfare is Nostrand Avenue, but the main shopping street is Fulton Street, which lies above the main subway line for the area (A, C trains). Fulton Street runs east-west the length of the neighborhood and intersects high-traffic streets including Bedford Avenue, Nostrand Avenue, and Stuyvesant Avenue. Bedford- Stuyvesant is actually made up of four neighborhoods: Bedford, Stuyvesant Heights, Ocean Heights, Ocean Hill and Weeksville.
Beginning in the 200s, the neighborhood began to experience gentrification. The two significant reasons for this were the affordable housing stock consisting of handsome brownstone rowhouses located on quiet tree-lined streets and the marked decreases of crime in the neighborhood.
As a result, Bedford-Stuyvesant became increasingly racially, economically and ethnically diverse, with a number of whites and middle-class blacks, an increase of foreign born Afro- Caribbean and African residents as well as college students from assorted ethnic backgrounds. As is expected with gentrification the influx of new residents and has sometimes contributed to the displacement of poorer residents. In many cases, new comers have simply rehabilitated and occupied formerly vacant and abandoned properties. New clothing stores, mid-century collector furniture stores, florists, bakeries, and cafes and restaurants opened.