Gravesend lies between Coney Island to the east, Stillwell Avenue to the west, Kings Highway to the north, and Coney Island Creek and Shore Parkway to the south. To the east of Gravesend is Sheepshead Bay, to the northeast Midwood, to the northeast Midwood, to the northwest Bensonhurst, and to the west Bath Beach. To the south across Coney Island Creek, lies the neighborhood of Coney Island, and across Shore Parkway lies Brighton Beach. The neighborhood center is still the four blocks bounded by Village Road South, Village Road East, Village Road North, and Van Sicklen Street.
In the 1950’s the city constructed the 29 building Marlboro Houses, located between Avenues V and X from Stillwell Avenue to the Gravesend Rail Yards. It is run by the New York City Housing Authority . Beginning in the 1990s, with an influx of Sephardic Jews, the northeast section of the neighborhood saw the development of scale single-family homes at prices upwards of $1 Million.
A number of African Americans continued to live in the area with the coming of new immigrant groups, Irish, Italian, and Jewish residents. The most recent immigrants groups to dominate Gravesend are Russians, Ukranians, Chinese, Puerto Ricans, and Mexicans. In 2008, The New York Times reported that the neighborhood had become particularly popular among Sephardic Jews.
Gravesend is served by the D elevated line (also called BMT West End Line), at the 25th Avenue and Bay 50th Street stations; the F elevated line (also called the IND Culver Line), at the Kings Highway, Avenue U, and Avenue X stations, and the N-open-cut line (also called the BMT Sea Beach Line), at the Kings Highway, Avenue U, and Gravesend/86th Street stations).